What does "Presbyterian" mean? Presbyterians are among the "denominations" (types of churches) that grew out of the Protestant Reformation in Europe in the 16th century. Presbyterians trace their religious heritage to John Knox of Scotland, and to Jean (John) Calvin, a French reformer who spent many years in Switzerland. Like most Christians, we center our faith and life around our belief in both the divinity and the humanity of Jesus Christ, as a person through whom God entered our human condition and effected eternal salvation for us. We believe that God continues to be active in this world that God has created, and that God cares how we live our lives, and wants to be in relationship with us.